The definitive reply to "never tested positive:"
3 Positives 1993 - 1996
(thanks to RR)
9.0-to-1 June 23, 1993;
7.6-to-1 from July 7, 1994;
6.5-to-1 from June 4, 1996.
Most people have a ratio of 1-to-1.
Prior to 2005, any ratio above 6.0-to-1 was considered abnormally high and evidence of doping;
in 2005 that ratio was lowered to 4.0-to-1.
8 to 10 positives 1999 - 2005
1. '99 Corticosteroids (illegimate backdated prescription without a TUE)
2. '99 EPO 6 of 15 Samples (Suppressed by UCI)
3. '01 EPO 1-3 Samples (Paid off UCI)
So... 11 to 13 Positives and Counting...
LA must have gotten tired of getting nailed... after 2001, he took definitive action:
Lance Armstrong was tipped off 20 minutes before he was tested, claims French anti-doping official
..." warned before all the checks , "says scientific advisor to the French Agency for the fight against doping Agency (AFLD ) in Le Monde dated 26 and 27 August. "We did not know until the last minute which hotel it was installed" said Michel Rieu before explaining how, according to him, the American could mislead physicians: " The samplers have struggled to carry out spot checks without Lance Armstrong can benefit from a period of twenty minutes (...) His entourage has accumulated pretenses and palaver to get this famous time. "
Originally Posted by frenchfry
A scientific consultant to the ALFD says that Armstrong was warned before each control. He also mentions techniques that can be used in 20 minutes or less to avoid positives.
Not a lot of detail, but no ambiguity about the statement. He also states the UCI and IOC were involved in the warnings.
"In twenty minutes, a lot of manipulations are possible, says Michel Rieu, giving details that were not all in the act of acusation U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (Usada ). (LA) was conducting infusions of saline to dilute the blood. He replaced his own urine by an artificial urine. It is administered EPO in small doses. The substance was undetectable."