The WADA code (see below) is frustratingly close to the ideal of 4yrs for omerta followers, 1yr for omerta breakers, and 4yrs or more for enablers. But, as stated the previous time we discussed it
, the code would need to be altered for there to be any true incentive to come forward.
In essence, the problem is that 4yr sanctions can be imposed for anyone who has any kind of ongoing or carefully managed program (unless they promptly admit doping). It's as if WADA believes a one-off lapse of judgement is the norm for athlete PED use
. Until the sanction structure places higher benefits on breaking omerta, than punishment for multiple use of PEDS, saying "I was acting alone and I'm very sorry"
is the only reliable course of action for an athlete.
IMO, if sanctions were adjusted so everyone expected that riders would break omerta, doping syndicates and team programs would cease rapidly, because they would be too risky. It follows that the motivation to blacklist omerta breakers would also diminish, as there would be fewer individuals benefiting from an "honor among thieves" culture.
For anyone unfamiliar with the details, Here's a brief summary of the WADA CODE 2009 – Article 10, Sanctions:
Under 23.2.2, all WADA signatories must comply with Article 10; substantive changes are not allowed.
Results cancelled if performance was enhanced
First offence involving positive test, posession or attempted doping
Sample tampering or refusing a test
Traffiking, administering, assisting or abetting
Whearabouts violation or missing a test
If no intention to enhance performance is demonstrated
If no fault or negligence is demonstrated
If no significant fault or negligence is demonstrated
Substantial assistance with busting soemone else
Maximum possible from combining 10.5.1 – 10.5.4
Doping Scheme, multiple incidents/substances, deception/obstruction
**this clause is cancelled by prompt admission**
Multiple busts. There's a lookup table that combines the severity of the offences the 1st and 2nd time an athlete gets busted. Generally at least double for a second offence. 3rd offence = go away!
(Note: 0-½Reduction means that the applicable sanction may be reduced anywhere between no reduction and ½ of total applicable ban)