He's more successful than your average cyclist, and he is more powerful than your average cyclists (especially considering his age). So obviously that implies that he is more likely to be doped than your average cyclist.
If not, you must have a very funky model of how doping works and who dopes.
Sure, there are dopers on all levels. But they are diluted by clean riders more on the lower levels, which is why the level of the rider is a predictor of doping.I think we all know that riders might just as well dope to keep up, get a contract, win a race at all, get a better contract or simply because they think everyone does it. Enough amateurs dope without ever getting amazing results.
Yep. Hence why even most of the mid level riders in the peloton are probably doped. Not really much room to be one of the best ~200 cyclists in the world when there’s magnitudes more of talented riders taking various things. The only difference in the pro ranks is the level of doping and a bit of genetics.Sure, there are dopers on all levels. But they are diluted by clean riders more on the lower levels, which is why the level of the rider is a predictor of doping.