Race Design Thread

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Summary Paris-Nice v2

Stage 1: Fontainebleau - Bourges: 188 km
Stage 2: Moulins - Clermont Ferrand: 174 km
Stage 3: Clermont Ferrand - Villefranche sur Saone: 198 km
Stage 4: Macon - Amberieu en Bugey: 175 km
Stage 5: Lyon-Lyon: 25 km ITT
Stage 6: Valence - Station Valdrome: 152 km
Stage 7: Carpetras - Frejus: 213 km
Stage 8: Nice - Nice: 117 km

Total: 1242 km

3 medium mountain stage (Macon - Amberieu en Bugey, Nice-Nice and Valence-Station Valdrome)
2 hilly stages
2 flat stages
1 TT

3 cat. 1 climbs (Col de Bertiand, Col de Pennes and Station Valdrome) and 10 cat. 2 climbs

4 of the stages could/should be decisive for the GC. The three medium mountain stages should balance the medium long ITT in Lyon. The objective was to create a route that make sure that a rider could afford to lose some time at the ITT, but still has the possibility to regain this time gap at the hilly/medium mountain stages.
After the thread's usual July layoff, time to complete the job in Germany.

Stage 12: Neuwied - Aachen, 183km

Effelsberg (cat.3) 3,1km @ 4,6%
Nöthener Tannen (cat.3) 1,1km @ 11,0%
Herhahn (cat.3) 3,2km @ 5,2%
Rohren (cat.3) 2,6km @ 7,7%
Kierberg (cat.3) 1,3km @ 9,0%
Imgenbroich (cat.3) 2,8km @ 4,6%
Kevelaerberg (cat.3) 1,3km @ 9,0%

After a transfer up the Main and Rhein into the Eifel mountains, we set off from the riverside industrial city of Neuwied.

Originally growing quickly due to its religious tolerance, the city of Neuwied now boasts over 60.000 inhabitants. Despite a history of aristocrats and entrepreneurs, I first came across it as a city that played host to one of the most vibrant punk scenes in Germany, lagging behind Hamburg and West Berlin at the time of course, but Neuwied’s musical sons Toxoplasma were arguably the band that brought hardcore punk to Germany; Berlin’s PVC may have brought the Ramones-esque rock’n’roll filtered punk, Hamburg may have opened the gates to spiky, angular post-punk via groups like Abwärts, but Neuwied gave Germany hardcore, and soon a self-contained scene had emerged, from which other bands sprang, most notably Tarnfarbe, who aped the high-speed, high-adrenaline style that Toxoplasma had brought in under the influence of American porto-hardcore acts. It is also the hometown of DTM Champion and Le Mans winner Mike Rockenfeller, part of the Porsche and Audi factory programmes, and Team Sunweb’s sprinter Max Walscheid, a sprinter who has managed several wins at ‘lesser’ races like Hainan, Yorkshire, the Münsterland Giro and the Denmark Rundt, but not been able to replicate that at the World Tour level, where he has largely been deployed as a leadout man, though he has managed some strong placements as well as hitting the podium in the S**********s.

Now, we may have left the major mountain ranges of the south of Germany behind, but that doesn’t mean we’re done with obstacles, and indeed this is a stage which serves as a potential banana skin, including no fewer than seven categorised climbs as well as a few that I didn’t see fit to award points for. Nevertheless, none are above category 3, and the highest altitude reached in the stage is a whopping 550m above sea level, so they aren’t going to be getting any nosebleeds, at least not unless somebody in the péloton gets unnecessarily personal with a combative rider like Gianni Moscon or Nacer Bouhanni and some rough justice is meted out.

Being deep into the second week of the race and with some serious mountains behind us in the Schwarzwald and the Bavarian Alps, of course, there will be some teams who have had to reappraise their goals and some teams desperately trying to get something out of the race, and so I would hope for a good fight for the breakaway, especially as, with a very early intermediate sprint in Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler well inside the first hour of racing, if there’s a battle for the points jersey or the time bonuses are still GC-relevant, we may well see some in the péloton wanting to keep things together before that sprint. Although there is an uncategorised rise before the sprint, this is all at low gradients and so I’d expect that apart from the outright most rotten of climbers, all of the relevant battlers for the points classification will happily make it over this ascent - and any sprinters whose climbing is that rotten probably won’t have survived the Steinplatte or Götschen stages.

As a result, we’re making a beeline for the Eifel mountains, en route to the tri-nation border area between the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. As most cycling fans will be well aware, this area can get pretty hilly - after all, it is where the Eifels meet the Limburger hills - home to the Amstel Gold Race - and they in turn meet the Ardennes - home to the Ardennes classics, among other races. Including a few Grand Tour départs, not that you’d know the area was hilly from those.

So, for a while, we snake through the valley road of the Ahr river, which is one of Germany’s foremost wine-growing areas and its benchmark for red wine (of course, Germany’s more famous and popular wines tend to be white), before reaching our first categorised climb of the day, the Effelsberg. This is decently long but generally fairly unthreatening, at an average of 5% or just under for 3km of wide roads, and has the Radioteleskop Effelsberg at its summit, before we descend into the spa town of Bad Münstereifel. This serves as the foot of our second categorised climb, Nöthener Tannen. There are two roads that lead to this ridge from the centre of town; the Nöthener Straße, a two-lane road of 1,6km @ 7,5%, and Bergstraße, a single-track goat path which is 1,1km @ 11% and with 200m at 19% in the middle. You can probably guess which one we’re taking. Sure, there’s over 100km to go, but no harm in additional platforms to work from.

The scenery continues as we head along the route of a tourist railway line from Kall to Schleiden, which hosts the second intermediate sprint and leads directly into our next climb, the Herhahn ascent which, like our first climb of the day, is a fairly consistent one averaging 5%. The descent into Einruhr leads to an uncategorised climb - it’s about 1,2km @ 4,5% but consists of two steep 500m runs interrupted by 200m flat, so it could be underestimated. Realistically, however, the fun begins when we reach the edges of the Rurtalsperre Schwammenauel, the immense reservoir created by the damming of the Rur river.

Known alternately as Rur, Roer and Ruhr, this river eventually feeds into the Meuse at Roermond in the Netherlands, and is not to be confused with the Ruhrgebiet, the prominent northwest German industrial conurbation comprising a dozen interlocking cities. Here, we have some serious climbing to do under - or rather over - the watchful eye of the river.

This starts with a crunching ascent into Rohren, which crests at 55km from home and is, realistically, the toughest climb of the day, officially 2,6km @ 7,7% but with some false flat at the end which tempers it somewhat - the first half averages 10%, so a pretty savage ascent which could serve as the catalyst to break the breakaway up and set a real battle for the stage into action. It’s also in near perfect condition and is comparable to a few of the Ardennes climbs on the other side of the border, since we are now close to the Germanophone part of Belgium. We then pass through the village of Höfen, from which we descent into the beautiful, scenic old town of Monschau, one of Germany’s untapped gems, a local tourist hotspot and a strategically important point in the Battle of the Bulge, as it represented the northernmost extreme of the battleground - luckily surviving primarily intact.

From here we double back on ourselves and climb back toward Höfen - mainly because, as with Nöthener Tannen earlier in the stage, there are two roads between the two - the “Pillepalle-Variante”, the new main road, built in the days of cars and trucks, and the old “Pflaster-Variante”, 1,3km @ 9,0%, known as the Kierberg, then a flat run to the village of Höfen. And as the name “Pflaster-Variante” would suggest, this version - the one we’re climbing, of course - is cobbled.

Reaching a maximum gradient of 16%, this ascent crests with 46km remaining and the Classics men will be smiling some sick, sinister smiles by now as they’ll be well aware this is one for them. We crest the Kierberg and then swing to the right and descend back into the other side of Monschau, this time on the north of the river, for another climb, this time up to Imgenbroich. The official stats are not the most imposing, but the very first part of it is the toughest - 500m at 9,5%, max 14%, which are - of course - on cobbles.

After this the climb settles down and isn’t that imposing, but finishing with 39km remaining, it is perhaps a strong candidate to enable riders to make a bid for the stage if we have a large break contesting stage honours or if somebody fancies a tactical flier among the GC men if riders like Alaphilippe are still in contention aping his Tour run. After all, Deceuninck-Quick Step are likely to have some stepping stones up the road! After this we have a plateau into Simmerath, which hosts the final intermediate sprint at 34km from the line, before a slow meandering downwards into the Kalltal, which we emerge from via our final categorised climb of the day, the Kevelaerberg, a 1,3km @ 9% Ardennes-style dig out of the valley and onto the plateau, which starts with 300m at 11,5% just to spite the riders. God bless it. Cresting at 27km from the line, it’s the final real ascent that will prove a potential jumping-off point for a GC man, but there are some uncategorised ascents to come; starting almost immediately as after the flattening out at the summit of Kevelaerberg there is a second uncategorised ascent of around 1km at 5% at 24km from the line, before the majority of the remainder of the stage, running into Aachen, is downhill - punctuated by two short ascents, the Frackersberg (1,6km @ 4,3%, max 9%, at 15km from home) and Trierer Straße (900m @ 5%, at 8km from home).

However, most of that final 8km is dead straight so would favour a bunch behind, increasing the intrigue if the breakaway is contesting this - a rider will need quite a hefty advantage to get out of sight out of mind on this run-in, however there are a few corners in the final 1500m to tilt things back towards escapees on the streets of Aachen.

Aachen, or Aix-la-Chapelle to the French, is a border city close to the Dreilandecke between the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany, and for most travelling by train along routes in the area, will be the first (or last) German station visited. It is Germany’s westernmost city and one of its oldest, having been on the Roman side of the Limes, and having been a spa settlement during that era, before becoming the Imperial residence of Charlemagne, who commanded the construction of the city’s iconic cathedral, which was completed in the year 798 and still stands today; the great emperor’s remains were interred at the cathedral and remain there to this day. A number of renovations have been undertaken, but it remains the number one tourist attraction in the city, helped largely by a large number of pilgrims and its role as the church of coronation for Holy Roman Emperors to be crowned “King of the Germans”.

Aachen is also on the Benrather Line, which historically divided Low German and High German dialects, although its modern dialect bears more resemblance to the Ripuarian language spoken around Köln, and Lëtzebuergesch and similar Mosel-Franconian dialects. As a high religious centre it has also been a major source of manuscript production during the early Middle Ages, although its religious importance led to its downfall to a certain extent, with Spanish troops attacking the city and deposing all Protestants in the early 17th Century, which also led to the relocation of the coronations of Holy Roman Emperors to Frankfurt, then a role in the Thirty Years’ War, and then being ravaged by fire in 1656.

The city rebuilt itself as a destination, ostensibly as a spa town, but also because of a reputation for prostitution, a sharp decline for a city which had built its reputation on emperors and high religion. It was one of the cities of the short-lived Rheinische Republic, which was proclaimed in the city in 1923 during the French and Belgian occupation of the Ruhr in the inter-war years; this state was never recognised and promptly faded from relevance less than two years later, returning to the German ownership that everybody else thought it had had all along. It was highly damaged in World War II following a siege in September and October 1944, and despite the rebuilding of its historic centre, with the traditional architecture, the focus of the city has moved more toward the outlying areas of the city where it has become a technology hub. The city also claims to host the world’s first modern discotheque, with the Scotch Club having been opened in the 1950s.

I have located the stage finish in front of the historic Elisenbrunnen spa and hot springs, upon which much of the city’s original reputation was built.

Of Aachen’s many famous sons and daughters, I thought it worth paying a bit of tribute to Alfred “Fredy” Hirsch, a homosexual German Jewish athlete and youth leader who, due to having German extraction, and with a gift for persuasion, was able to assist thousands of Jewish children during the Nazi era, initially in Prague, and then in the Theresienstadt and, ultimately, Auschwitz concentration camps despite his being a prominent gay Jew making him an obvious target for persecution. He controlled exercise, discipline and hygiene to improve the health of children in the ghettos and camps and helped increase the survival rates significantly; he founded study and preparation sites to help children emigrate to Israel, built playgrounds, organised sporting events and acquired food parcels for the children he was responsible for overseeing in Auschwitz; his death is shrouded in mystery, having apparently ingested an overdose of barbiturates on the day the children in the ‘family camp’ that he had been running were scheduled to be gassed - theories include suicide (but with the question of how he acquired the barbiturates), execution by the camp guards (to prevent him rising against the planned executions), and execution by the Jewish doctors (to prevent him leading an uprising, which had been suggested by the Auschwitz resistance movement, and jeopardising the chances of survival of others in the camp).

Hirsch serves as a counterpart to some of Aachen’s less celebrated children, such as former SS Hauptsturmführer Hans Schwerte, and racial theorist and eugenicist Robert Ritter, who was tasked with establishing genealogical histories of the German gypsy population in the 1930s, and was the main author of the theories behind the Sterilisation Law of 1933, although the persecution was not limited to Roma and Sinti but also included a number of the Jenisch (or Yenish), an itinerant travelling community throughout German-speaking Europe and eastern France but of German origin. The Jenisch “white gypsies” received less persecution as they were not as immediately identifiable, but Ritter saw them, along with mixed-race gypsies, as more of a ‘threat’ to racial purity than the ‘racially pure’ Roma and Sinti, who he favoured segregation of rather than sterilisation or extermination of.

Although perhaps not as famous or as prominent as Hirsch, Adam Kuckhoff is perhaps a fitting name to sign off on a potted history of Aachen with; as a member of the Rote Kapelle (known as the Red Orchestra in English), he was a prominent resistance member and a socialist writer who was a collaborator of Arvid Harnack dating back to the very start of the Nazi regime, with the two writers and their wives Mildred (Harnack) and Greta (Kuckhoff) forming discussion groups to formulate and discuss anti-Nazi and post-Nazi plans and perspectives all the way back in 1933, and distributing pamphlets, writing articles and exposing activities of the Nazis initially from Berlin and subsequently from Prague, where he worked for underground news organisation Die innere Front. After an error on the part of the Soviet military, who were trying to reconnect with the socialist-minded Rote Kapelle, the addresses of members of the group were accidentally leaked to the Gestapo, and Kuckhoff was captured in 1942, sentenced to death in a show trial and, along with his collaborators, hanged from a meathook in the Plötzensee prison. A section of Sophienstraße in his hometown, which we use in the run-in of the stage, has been renamed Adam-Kuckhoff-Straße in his honour.

Presentations post-stage will be held in the city’s iconic Marktplatz, a traditional central square of the region with classical architecture and will serve as an excellent backdrop to what will hopefully have been a somewhat unpredictable day of racing.

Stage 13: Krefeld - Münster, 142km

Longinusturm (cat.3) 1,1km @ 4,7%

On the final weekday stage of the race, we have a straightforward sprint stage, the last chance for the fast men, as we head northeastwards from Nordrhein-Westfalen and into Niedersachsen, where our race will conclude.

This relatively straightforward stage will both hopefully induce more aggressive racing in the preceding stage to Aachen, and allow a bit of respite to riders ahead of a potentially dramatic final weekend. The city of Krefeld itself is known for velvet and silk, but has long been usurped by its many neighbours in the Ruhrgebiet megalopolis, which it sits on the outer edge of. Being on the west of the Rhine, it doesn’t quite fit into that contiguous conurbation, but it is part of a network of outlying cities that aren’t part of the whole Duisburg-Essen-Gelsenkirchen-Oberhausen-Herne-Bochum-Dortmund axis, and its outlying district of Uerdingen almost bleeds into the southernmost suburbs of Duisburg. Under Napoleon it became a de facto capital of Ashkenaz I, with some 5.000 Jews settling in the city, but like most cities in Germany this population was butchered, on this occasion after being transported with no food or water to Latvia, where the survivors of the journey were shot in a forest. The city was later destroyed by British bombing raids, and in the post-war regeneration efforts became a centre for chemical manufacturing. This industrial and very clean, clinical backdrop that the city provided is perhaps a reason why it has become an electronic music centre, along with its proximity to Düsseldorf, one of the two main centres of the school of music that came to be known as Krautrock. While a number of its progeny have been comparatively recent additions, operating in the trance scene that hit its peak in the late 90s, with the Netherlands and Germany competing over supremacy, the most legendary is Ralf Hütter, keyboardist and lead vocalist behind arguably Germany’s most iconic contribution to modern popular music, the legendary Kraftwerk. It is Hütter that brings the band’s fixation with the sport of cycling - having taken up riding during the recording sessions of the band’s most celebrated album (which is in some lofty competition), Die Mensch-Maschine, he later took to being deposited from the tour bus between venues to cycle the rest of the distance, and his experiences as a hobby cyclist allayed to an obsession with the professional sport fed into their release of the iconic Tour de France single which, let’s face it, all of us know.

He’s not the only cyclist to come from Krefeld, though he is Germany’s favourite of them - the other being British track cyclist Philip Hindes, a two time Olympic gold medallist in the Team Sprint discipline (personally my least favourite track discipline, having neither the tactical element of the match sprint nor the grace and cohesion of the Team Pursuit), where he was used as a leadout for Jason Kenny and, originally, Chris Hoy, and later Callum Skinner. He has, however, achieved a level of notoriety for admitting to a British TV interviewer that he deliberately crashed in the Olympic final to provoke a restart, after he didn’t get away with the intended speed, with British Cycling blaming the fact that German is Hindes’ first language for the “misunderstanding” of his words. It remains one of the most controversial parts of Britain’s record haul in its home Olympics.

For the most part, this is a pan-flat stage which is primarily about avoiding too much disruption to the colossal agglomeration of built-up areas that characterise the area, since we are deep in Germany’s industrial heartlands, and the beating heart of its economy. As a result, we head directly north from Krefeld to avoid Moers, and into Kamp-Lintfort, perhaps best known as the birthplace of one of the minor members of the RAF (on this occasion meaning the Rote Armee Fraktion and better known outside of Germany as the Baader-Meinhof Gang, not the Royal Air Force), Brigitte Asdonk. She was originally part of Horst Mahler’s “Commando”, but after playing a role in breaking Andreas Baader out of prison in 1970, she travelled to Jordan to train in guerrilla tactics with the PFLP and PLO, remaining in the Baader commando until 1973, after which she spent nine years in prison for a string of bank robberies and other terrorism-related offences; being primarily used in the bank robberies and not in the assassinations, kidnappings and shootouts side of the RAF, she has become something of a historical footnote; this is also perhaps why she was able to survive, seeing as many of her fellow faction members died either under a kill-or-be-killed philosophy or in prison, via a series of suicides which, other than Holger Meins, who died of starvation on hunger strike, are the subject of debate and conspiracy theories years after the fact.

Our next stop-off is Wesel, which hosts the first intermediate sprint. A port on the Rhine, it has changed hands between the Netherlands, Spain (in the era of the Habsburg Netherlands) and the varying predecessor states of Germany on multiple occasions in its history; it was even held briefly by France after Napoleon, but was passed to Prussia after Napoleon’s defeat by the British at Waterloo. It was the site of the largest airborne landings of World War II, after Allied forces had already assaulted the city with ten-tonne bombs and destroyed some 97% of its structures. It became something of a ghost town, with its population reducing by over 90% accordingly, but it has recovered and then some, with a population of some 60.000 now. Its history is strong and far-reaching - one of the sons of the city is Peter Minuit, who founded New Amsterdam and, by proxy, New York City, but it is also the home of Konrad Duden, whose prescriptive dictionaries and linguistic guides have become THE definitive guide to the German language, with the Duden essentially having the authoritative final say on any German linguistic matter.

We then have two intermediate sprints within 15km of one another, first in the small town of Velen, and then in the larger town of Coesfeld. I’m anticipating these will be non-events as with this being the last day for the sprinters, any fast men that remain will want to make this a day for themselves, so unless there is a tense battle for the points jersey, these will just be rolled over by the breakaway. Coesfeld is famous for its Coesfeld Cross, arguably the most prominent example, and certainly the largest example of its type, of the Forked Cross, a style that arose under the influence of the mystics in the late Middle Ages, and is particularly common in the Rhineland area. The veneration of the Coesfeld Cross has been a tradition since the 14th Century although a replica has now taken on the role due to wear and tear of the original wooden artefact.

“Libertine, you’re rambling again… do we really need to know about 1970s terrorists or Catholic pilgrimage sites?” Good point. But I guess that’s a product of flat stages - you need to have something to talk about, so I may as well give Carlton Kirby some pointers before the stage begins. Don’t tell me you wouldn’t be waiting to see how he managed to make some contrived segue out of the names of various Baader-Meinhof Gang members and members of the peloton. Luckily, the stage then moves into the Hengwehr und Hanloer Mark, a small wooded hilly area that overlooks the town of Nottuln, which is characterised by the Longinusturm, a 32m limestone observation tower on the Westerberg summit, which was then reappropriated as a television tower after the war.

This climb is barely worth categorisation this far into the race, being 1100m at a shade under 5%, but it’s the only ascent in the stage of any real relevance, and so I have awarded cat.3 points to it. Like the metas volantes, it’s unlikely that the péloton will really see any relevance in going after these points, and certainly I doubt any KOM candidate is going to be going into the break of the day on a day such as this, with just the one cat.3 climb as reward - with a sprint the likely outcome there will likely only be a small break. Luckily, the Hengwehr region may be where the chase of the break is taken up in earnest which might allow the KOM to take the climb from the péloton, with only just over 20km remaining from the summit.

Realistically however, the bunch is going to let those breakaways hang out there as long as they can to try to prevent any counter-attacks from fresh athletes on the way in to Münster, which hosts the stage finish. After all, it’s a city which loves cycling.

Münster is one of Germany’s foremost university cities, with over 1/5 the city’s population - which exceeds 300.000 - being students. It dates back to the times of Charlemagne, and was a leading member of the Hanseatic League. It was the site of an Anabaptist rebellion in the 16th Century, and one of the sites of the signing of the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. More recently, however, it has become one of the most livable cities in the world of its size, and has become Germany’s unofficial “bike capital” - in much the same way as in other countries cities with significant student presence have become very bicycle-friendly, Münster has adopted that role in Germany. In fact, as of 2007, vehicle transportation has fallen behind bicycle use, thanks to an extensive network of bike paths and rental services, patterned after Copenhagen. It is the home of the most successful athlete of the first modern Olympiad, Carl Schuhmann, who won four gold medals in gymnastics and wrestling, and theatrical icon of song and act, Ute Lemper, but the bicycle heritage is largely why I chose it here. And it also hosts its own race, the Münsterland Giro, which is a late season sprinter’s one-day race.

Taking place on the Tag der Deutschen Einheit, the inaugural Münsterland Giro, sponsored by Sparkassen who also sponsor a similar race near Bochum, was effectively a successor to the old border-hopping Groningen-Münster race which had been defunct after 2004, and the parcours of which had been used for a stage of the 2002 Giro d’Italia, won by Mario Cipollini because of course it was because it was 2002. Here's some brief coverage of the 2018 edition, which was won by Max Walscheid.

Occasionally, it hasn’t been a field sprint - in 2006’s inaugural edition, Paul Martens held off the bunch, Aleksejs Saramotins did the same in 2009, Joost van Leijen won a two-up sprint in 2010, and Jos van Emden won from a five man break in 2013 - but generally this is one that is won by the fast men, with André Greipel and Marcel Kittel both two-time winners, and John Degenkolb, Sam Bennett and Tom Boonen also on the winner’s list. We are using the same finale as the Münsterland Giro, so I expect the same outcome: a field sprint. After all, there’s a big GC-relevant finale to come at the weekend, so the riders can be forgiven for having a quiet day here.
Reactions: F_Cance
Jul 28, 2019
Deutschland Tour
Stage 1: Berlin - Halle, 177 km

The Deutchsland Tour/Tour of Germany has been rebooted, this time with a 9 day-race, built around about the same format as earlier. In this version they have chosen to stay entirely within the borders of Germany, which means none mountain stages in Austria like the last version of the race.

Stage 1 starts in the capital of Berlin, and moves in a southwestern direction. The stage is almost completely flat without any categorized climbs, which means that this will most likely be a stage for the sprinters. The stage finish is in Halle, the largest city of Saxony-Anhalt.


I really like that you are keeping it in Germany, back then when the Deutschland Tour was at its peak (2005-2008) each and every edition the toughest and most decisive mountain stage was held in Austria, was really anticlimatic in front of very few spectators along the road on those final ascends, understandably the Austrians weren't backing the race as it would have been in Germany.
I think the Austrian region Tirol was a main sponsor of the race so probably that was the reason behind it. It's not like there are no difficult ascends in Germany as you guys are demonstrating.

In fact before 2005 the DT was a 7 day race, and while is was prolonged to 9 days the for the last 4 editions the amount raced in Germany actually remained about the same, and the most arguably most exiciting stage was moved abroad...
Salt Lake City World Championship Road Race

15 laps of this circuit would mean a length of 253 kilometers and total climbing of 6.795 meters. I would watch that. Maybe 14 laps would be enough actually, especially considering the altitude.

The roads are huge, as you would expect from an American town.

Hill 1 (last 1,5 km at 9,3%):

Hill 2 (0,7 km at 12,3%):

The last obstacle is a short climb up Capitol Hill.

Apr 10, 2019
Nice job Fauniera, I also have a SLC WC route in my folder with potential WC routes.
That one has the climb to Capitol Hill from the Western side (Woods won on that uphill finish in 2015) as the steep climb of the circuit.
I also had the idea of using the SLC Olympics as a theme, so there would be a start in Park City, Guardsman Pass right at the start and then downhill/false flat before entering the circuit.