Of course any time suspicion is placed on a Russian athlete, the most logical reaction is to sling mud at everyone else.Why don’t you ask Martin Fourcade who is clean.
and probably also a classic case of small fish caught at the end of its career just to show the public that AD is working and the budget is justified...First failed test - for a PED, rather than coronavirus - in the Nordic sports in Beijing, as Ukraine's Valentyna Kamiska is provisionally suspended following an AAF.
Link (in French)
The test in question was on February 10th, in competition on the day of the 10km classic, and is positive for methylhexanamine and mesterolone. The latter being an anabolic steroid and the former being a common stimulant.
She's a veteran likely at her last Olympics, she switched from Belarus to Ukraine in 2018, and she has been to three Games, but never finished in the top 40 in either a World Cup, World Championship or Olympic event, so this is probably your classic case of small fry doping just to compete at the Games as much as anything else.
Curious to know what happened to study participants at the 4500 meter equivalent. Were they having so much trouble breathing that they couldn’t continue?It is also interesting that blood doping has been barely mentioned despite the (fragmentary) evidence that artificial boosting of RBC count gives a higher boost at moderate altitudes than at sea level.
One study indicates that Vo2Max is increased twice as much at 1700-1800 altitude after EPO treatment than Vo2Max at sea level after the same increase in hemoglobin count.
The main reason the authors find was that there wasn't sufficient blood flow to the working muscles.Curious to know what happened to study participants at the 4500 meter equivalent. Were they having so much trouble breathing that they couldn’t continue?
Interesting—thanks!The main reason the authors find was that there wasn't sufficient blood flow to the working muscles.
It was very strange finding, but indeed saturation remained high, and correspondingly the oxygen flow was noticeably elevated even at high altitude from ~3.3 l/min to ~4.0 l/min after the EPO use, but whereas body consumed 85 % of the oxygen before the EPO treatment, the figure was only 70 % after it during the maximal effort.
It is noteworthy that the performance boost in one reinfusion paper from 1987 was at the high end of 3.5 % at moderate altitude (Albequerque, ~1600 m), but there was only at best a minor boost in running performance after transfusion at a very high altitude in one of the later papers.
Reminiscent of the ole’ blood-bag Mondays during the Tour.I know that I'm beating a dead horse, but Bolshunov getting worse during the games and getting outpaced by Valnes in the teamsprint only to be the strongest in the final distance race is a bit strange, even if it was a rather unusual race.